Reviewing your knowledge exercise 6 muscle and nervous tissue identification

This Anatomy quiz on the skin structure of the integumentary system is developed to test your knowledge on the layers, appendages, and nerve endings in the skin. This skin is an amazing organ that is designed to protect the human body from many outside elements, one being harmful UV rays.

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Connie AllenValerie Harper. The Allen Laboratory Manual for Anatomy and Physiology, 6th Edition contains dynamic and applied activities and experiments that help students both visualize anatomical structures and understand complex physiological topics.

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reviewing your knowledge exercise 6 muscle and nervous tissue identification

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The Nervous System In 9 Minutes

Please enter recipient e-mail address es. The E-mail Address es you entered is are not in a valid format. Please re-enter recipient e-mail address es. You may send this item to up to five recipients. The name field is required.The gluteus maximus is the main superficial outer glute muscle, so it forms what you see of the booty! It starts at the coccyx tailbone and attaches to the femur and other bones in the leg. The gluteus maximus is one of the strongest muscles in the body and it's a major thigh extensor, meaning it allows the hip joint to extend and the thigh to rotate.

So you use it to stand up, do squats, climb stairs, and a whole lot more. The biceps brachii is the main muscle in your upper arm, stretching from the shoulder joint to your elbow. It allows for extension at the elbow joint so bending your arm and rotation of the forearm so the palms face outwards.

These are the brachioradialis and the flexor carpi radialis! The brachioradialis is the bigger muscle on the outer forearm and the flexor carpi radialis is the smaller one on the inner forearm.

The brachioradialis forms most of the fleshy part of the forearm and its primary function is to flex the forearm when lifting things.

Anatomy & Physiology Quiz on the Skin Integumentary Structure

The flexor carpi radialis starts at the elbow and extends to the palm. It allows you to flex the wrist and move it back and forth. You'd exercise it by doing dumbbell or wrist curls. The rectus abdominis is the long, strap-like muscle that runs down the middle of the abdomen, from the sternum to the pubis — better known as the "abs.

The abs also help you sit up from a lying down position like during ab exercisesfacilitate bowel movements, and help push a baby out during childbirth. The hamstrings are technically a group of three muscles: the semitendinosus, semimembranosus, and the biceps femoris. They run down the back of the thigh, from the buttocks to the knee.

The hamstrings act to extend the thigh at the hip joint, flex the knee, and allow for thigh rotation.

reviewing your knowledge exercise 6 muscle and nervous tissue identification

They're necessary for daily activities like walking, running, jumping, or dancing. The teres muscles teres major and teres minor are back muscles which stretch from the scalpula shoulder to the top of the humerus upper arm bone. The teres muscles allow for rotation of the shoulder where it connects to the arm, and they help support the back and head when standing up. These muscles are important for activities like throwing a football, rowing, or basically anything involving the rotator cuff.

The vastus medialis is a part of the quadriceps muscle group and runs the entire length of the thigh, ending above the patella kneecap. It helps to extend the leg at the knee and stabilize the patella during activities like running or lunges.

You can strengthen this muscle with exercises such as weighted squats and leg presses — and a stronger vastus medialis will stabilize the knee and prevent injury during exercise. This big back muscle runs from the bottom of the head down the neck, to the top of the shoulders, and ends at the middle of the back — forming a "trapezoid" shape, hence the name.

The trapezius allows for the shoulders to move, supports the arms, and can help keep the shoulders pulled back for good posture. Exercises like shrugs and raises will strengthen your traps. Don't be fooled by the boobs! Women have the exact same pectoral muscles as men — they just sit behind breast tissue. They extend from the clavicle collarboneand run down the sternum and the ribcage, connecting to the arms on the sides. The pecs help to flex and abduct the arms, and also pull the ribcage out when you inhale to expand the lungs so they fill with air.

You can strengthen the pecs with exercises like presses and flyes. The triceps brachii extend along the back of the upper arm from the scalpula to the elbow. They help extend the arm and stabilize the shoulder while it rotates. The triceps are used during big movements like push-ups, dips, or cable pushdowns and also small movements like writing. The deltoids form the rounded, fleshy part of your shoulders.

They extend from the clavicle collarbonearound the shoulder, and end at the humerus upper arm bone. The deltoids allow for arm abduction and rotation, so you'd use them carry heavy things for a long period of time or do exercises like presses, reverse flyes, and lateral raises. The sartorius is a straplike muscle that runs along the inner thigh, starting from above the hip joint and ending just below the knee.

It's the longest muscle in the body and it allows you to flex the femur upper leg and abduct the thigh, moving it out and away from the body.To login with Google, please enable popups.

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Laboratory Manual for Anatomy and Physiology, 6th Edition

To sign up you must be 13 or older. Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Already have an account? Log in. Contain: elestic fibers thin and dark strandscollagen fibers thicker strands pinkerand fibroblast nuclei dark purple spots. Contain: nuclei of supporting cells small purple dotscell body of a neuron big globand neuron processes pink thick branches. Contain: striations tire treadsnuclei black spotsand part of muscle fiber each strand; pink petween each white space.

Contain: striations tire treadintercalated discs stained barsand nucleus larger, dark blue. Get started today! Exercise 6: Classification Of Tissues. Edit a Copy. Study these flashcards. Allison S. Functions: protection, absorption, filtration, excretion, secretion, and sensory reception. ET is avascular ET is exposed to the environment connective tissue moves everything.

Contain: goblet cells white circlenucus secretion, microvillo brush border KNOW: goblet cells. Contain: stratified squamous epithelium, nuclei, basement membrane, and connective tissue KNOW: stratified squamous epithelium. KNOW: cuboidal epithelial cells, and duct lumen. Contain: elestic fibers thin and dark strandscollagen fibers thicker strands pinkerand fibroblast nuclei dark purple spots KNOW: ALL.

Contain: central canal black circlelacunae ringsand lamella smaller balck spots. Sign up for free and study better. Anytime, anywhere. Find materials for your class:. Download our app to study better.Spinal nerves send information from peripheral sensory receptors to the spinal cord and information from the spinal cord to effectors muscles and glands.

The 31 pairs of spinal nerves emerge from each side of the spinal cord through the intervertebral foramina and are named for the vertebral region and level from which they emerge.

Spinal nerves connect to the spinal cord via a posterior dorsal root and an anterior ventral root and are called mixed nerves because each nerve contains sensory and motor axons. Label Figure The spinal nerves branch lateral to the intervertebral foramen.

These branches or rami rami pl. The posterior dorsal ramus curves around to the dorsal surface and innervates the skin and deep muscles of the back or trunk. The anterior ventral ramus supplies the muscles and skin of all four limbs, as well as the anterior and lateral parts of the body.

The meningeal branch serves the vertebrae, vertebral ligaments, blood vessels of the spinal cord, and the meninges. Identify the structures from Figure Of the 31 pairs of spinal nerves, there are 8 cervical, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar, 5 sacral, and 1 coccygeal. Many spinal nerves join with other spinal nerves to form a braided network or plexus before they innervate body structures.

This occurs in 4 regions of the body where the networks form the cervical, brachial, lumbar, and sacral plexuses. The thoracic intercostal spinal nerves T 2 -T 12 do not form a plexus. Label the cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, and coccygeal nerves in Figure Label the 4 spinal plexuses also in Figure Identify the spinal nerve divisions and plexuses from Figure The cervical plexus is formed from the anterior ventral rami of C 1 -C 5 on both the right and left sides of the spinal cord.

The brachial plexus is formed from the ventral rami of C 5 -T 1. This plexus serves the shoulders and upper limbs. Identify the nerves from Figure Identify approximate location of nerves in Table The lumbar plexus is made up of anterior ventral rami from L 1 -L 4.

The lumbar plexus supplies the skin and muscles of the abdominal wall, external genitalia, and part of the lower limbs. The major nerves are the femoral and obturator nerves. The sacral plexus is formed from the anterior ventral rami from L 4 -S 4. This plexus supplies the buttocks, perineum, and most of the lower limbs. Its major nerves are the pudendal and sciatic. The sciatic is composed of the tibial and common fibular peroneal nerves. Wear safety glasses and gloves when using fresh or preserved tissue.Organized by body system, this resource shows how each organ is designed to work by including clear, step-by-step explanations, clinical examples, and online animations.

reviewing your knowledge exercise 6 muscle and nervous tissue identification

It also demonstrates what happens to the body when a system does not function properly. Elsevier Health Sciences Bolero Ozon. Barbara Herlihy. Full-color illustrations simplify difficult concepts and complex processes, accurately depicting anatomy, physiology, and disease. Colorful cartoons use humor to clarify and reinforce the content, making it more memorable, accessible, and easy to understand. Interesting analogies, examples, and anecdotes make learning easier and bring science to life.

Key terms and objectives begin every chapter, setting learning expectations and goals, with terms defined in a comprehensive glossary. Focus on medical terminology includes Medical Terminology and Disorders tables with pronunciations, derivations, and word parts, along with references to commonly used medical terminology.

Evolve companion website enhances your understanding with animations, learning activities, and review tools. Sold separately. New animations bring difficult concepts to life. New illustrations show more step-by-step processes, and include new review questions to help you understand the concepts depicted. More pronunciations and new med term activities are included. Nervous Tissue and Brain. Spinal Cord and Peripheral Nerves.

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